There are quite a good number of energy sources for humankind and coal energy is among them. It is the reason behind the growth of many power plants. It is relatively affordable and cost-effective.
It is also an essential raw material for the development of steel and cement. It is still crucial in the fabrication and modeling of iron in the blacksmith industry.
In this post, you will explore the major pros and cons of coal energy in the world today. The advantages and disadvantages of coal energy are significant to note before opting for them as a source of energy.
Pros of Coal Energy
- Abundance in Supply
Coal occurs in quite a good number of nations across the continent. It implies that the extraction of fuel is going to be available for an extended period. The countries with the highest reserves for coal are China, Russia, India, and the United States.
- Reliable Source of Energy
The energy from coal is efficient and dependable. The power plant can supply energy for households and industries regardless of the season.
- Low Capital for Investment
Investment in coal energy plant is relatively affordable as compared to solar and wind energy plants. Acquiring coal mines and extraction require little investment. The returns in coal plants are enormous and this the reason why so many countries are pumping a lot of resources in it.
- Has Huge Potential for Growth
The potential growth of coal energy is significant when compared to other non-renewable energy sources like oil and natural gas. The vast reserves imply that the coal can last for over some couple of trillion years.
- Strong Industrial Foundation
Coal energy has been around for over some decades since the introduction of the industrial revolution. A lot of development has been made, and this is the reason behind the strong foundation in the energy sector.
- Industrial Use of Coal
Majority of thermal industries across the world have opted for coal energy since it is much affordable as compared to oil energy. Research shows that coal is a sound transport system for fuel. It is mainly used to heat crude oil into liquid form.
- Creation of Employment
Development of coal energy plants has provided a good number of employment opportunities for people in many nations. It enables them to earn a living from working the plants.
- Promote Economic Growth
The exportation of coal to other countries as a source of energy has boosted the growth of the economy in many ways. It has enabled the host country to develop proper infrastructure for its citizens.
- Advancement in Technology
A lot of research and studies have been undertaken to find ways on how to extract coal from mines causing minimal side effects.
- Coal Energy is Eco-friendly
Advancement in technology has enabled the production of coal energy to be very clean. It helps to reduce the chance of causing harm to the environment.
Cons of Coal Energy
- Causes the Greenhouse Effect
It is considered as one of the main disadvantages of coal. Extraction and combustion of coal result in the emission of gases that causes the greenhouse effect.
- Risky Job Opportunity
Mining grounds for fuel tend to risky since they usually collapse and burry miners inside them. According to research, since the discovery of coal, thousands of people have lost their lives in the mines.
- Environmental Degradation
The areas around the mining areas are destroyed, and the report shows that a good number of animals have found themselves sinking in the mines. Extraction of coal is a threat to wildlife lives.
It also causes air pollution, water pollution and even destruction of trees. Regular practice will lead to deforestation in the future.
- Displacement of Humans
Areas that are said to be mine zones for coal forces the government to dislocate the people to facilitate proper mining. The process makes people lose their properties and essential items.
- Harmful Emission
Combustion and extraction of coal result in the emission of some gases. These gases hurt the life people. The gases result in diseases such as respiratory problems and heart issues.
- Generation of a lot of Wastes
Coal-fired plants usually result in the formation of wastes that are no longer in need. It results in the development of dumping sites that are hazardous to human and animal lives.
- Non-renewable Energy Sources
Coal represents finite sources of energy like other fossil fuels. The current rate of coal energy consumption is quite high, and this indicates that it is likely to get depleted soon.
- Harm Radiations
Coal energy produces harmful radiations that have a close association with nuclear power. These radiations are said to be the reason behind asthma and lung cancer.
- Relatively too Expensive
Machines used in the extraction of coal are quite expensive to afford. Also, the technology used to process coal so that it can produce clean energy is extremely expensive. Therefore, venturing in coal energy production requires a large amount of capital.