Nuclear energy is considered as one of the cleanest and green energy today. Nuclear fission is the process whereby two reactors are used to generate a high amount of energy.
The energy being produced is usually stored in the nucleus of an atom. It is the reason why there are plenty of advantages and disadvantages of nuclear power.
The article provides insightful information about the pros and cons of nuclear energy sources. Continue reading to shade more light about atomic energy advantages and disadvantages.
Advantages of Nuclear Energy
- Affordable Energy Sources
Nuclear energy is one of the cheapest sources of energy in the world as compared to fossil fuels and hydroelectric power. More than 10% of the electricity being consumed on earth comes from nuclear energy.
- Low Emission Energy Solution
Combustion of atomic energy source releases a minimal amount of gases into the atmosphere that has a small negative impact on the environment.
- Work for a Long Time
Energy production from a nuclear plant is well controlled, and it can be produced for about 24-36 months. The energy source is more reliable and efficient in a small amount.
- Reliable Source of Energy
Nuclear energy plants can produce power that can run machines in the industries for over 50 year’s non-stop. The resources used for the production of energy occur in the high amount on the earth surface.
- High Concentration of Energy
Research shows that a small number of nuclear reactors produce a tremendous amount of energy than fossil fuels and solar power. It is the reason why their production is highly controlled.
- Renewable Source of Energy
Nuclear energy can be reused again and again without depletion. It is one of the renewable energy sources that is widely used by many people.
- Low Operational Costs
Once the entire nuclear plant is set up and running, energy production is quite cheaper as compared to that of hydroelectric power.
- Flat Mortality Rate
The number of death experienced during the production of nuclear energy is much lower as compared to coal, oil, solar, and hydroelectric power.
- Creation of Job Opportunities
Manufacturing plants of nuclear energy happen to be the most significant source of employment for those people living around the area. It helps a country to reduce the level of unemployment.
Disadvantages of Nuclear Energy
Extraction of nuclear energy emits fewer gases that cause the greenhouse effect, but the continuous process of nuclear reactions is detrimental to those people living within the area.
- Expensive Source of Energy
The maintenance cost of atomic energy plants is quite low, but the amount required to be pumped into the plant for construction too high compared to fossil fuels.
- Nuclear Waste Disposal Issues
A lot of wastes from the nuclear plants are stored underground, and the research shows that in the future, there will be no space. The scraps will later hurt the people around the area.
- Leak Potential
The leakage of radioactive byproducts to the environment is quite hazardous to the living creatures. Despite the safety measures, leaking of these products usually happens in most cases by accident.
- Hot Target for Militants
Nuclear energy is known for the production of dangerous weapons, and these weapons fall in the hand of the wrong people then expect to have the end of the world.
- Non-renewable Source of Energy
Nuclear energy is a non-renewable energy source despite uranium being finite. They are susceptible to depletion, and this is the reason why so many nations are opting for renewable sources of energy.