Geothermal energy is an excellent addition of energy for heating, cooking, and providing lights in households as well as industries.
Geothermal energy is a green, clean, and suitable energy source that a few people know about their importance.
The rising number of population across the world implies there is a need for more energy consumption, and many nations are opting for clean energy.
Checking the advantages and disadvantages of geothermal energy source will be a great thing when determining which energy source is suitable for the country.
The article provides credible information about the pros and cons of geothermal energy. It is worth reading through to the detailed insight and gains a better understanding. Here is the thing:
Advantages of Geothermal Energy
Geothermal energy is clean and green. It does not involve combustion during production and consumption. The factor implies that there is no emission of carbon footprint to the environment that can cause global warming.
2. Renewable Energy Source
Geothermal energy is usually extracted from the earth core. Therefore, the production is going to stay for long as far as earth is going to exist. There is no sign of future depletion.
3. Reliable Source of Energy
4. Improve Economic Growth and Development
Geothermal power plants help in the creation of job opportunities, especially in areas that have unemployment issues. The nature of jobs will help to boost economic growth and development.
5. Promote National Security
Geothermal power reduces the dependence on foreign oil, coal, and natural gas. Geothermal energy source ensures the security of the country while conserving the environment.
6. Small Land Space
Geothermal plants are usually constructed underground. The feature implies that they require a little space of land, unlike wind power energy.
7. Heating and Cooling Potentials
Geothermal energy production works based on the fundamental differences temperature of the earth surface and the underground parts. Therefore, it does not emit gases that could lead to global warming.
8. Good Long Term Investment
The long term result of investing in geothermal energy is excellent as compared to tidal and wind energy. The power generation is free and efficient when it comes to payback.
9. Advancement in Technology
The improvement in technology has made geothermal power the most reliable and stable source of energy. The technology has made things easier for production and distribution of energy source.
10. Result in Stable Prices
Geothermal power occurs in great abundance. It does not require any fuel for its production. It implies that the prices of electricity generated do not vary in any way. Consumers are going to get energy at a stable price throughout.
Disadvantages of Geothermal Energy
1. Result in Minimal Pollution
The production of power from geothermal plants result in the formation of a small number of gases. These gases have a carbon footprint, which can result in the greenhouse effect and environmental destruction.
Construction of geothermal plants is expensive. The drilling process and equipment for installation require a massive amount of capital. It is the limiting factor behind geothermal power production investments.
3. Instability of the Earth Surface
Excessive construction of geothermal plants across the world can result in an earthquake. The plants usually affect the stability of the earth surface.
4. Particular Locality
Geothermal plants are only constructed in areas with hot springs, and this inhibits equal distribution of electricity in other areas.
5. Sustainability Issues
Rainwater usually leaks into the plant. If the water is not removed on time, it will affect the production of electricity. The feature implies that the sustainability of geothermal power will be quite low in the future in case of more rainfall.
6. High Initial Costs
The cost of constructing the geothermal plant is exceptionally high. The plant requires heavy machinery for drilling, and these are some of the factors making the prices high.
7. Energy Loss during Transport
Hot water cannot transfer energy over a long distance. Therefore, the transportation of power from geothermal plants over a long distance is quite tricky.
8. Low Efficiency
Energy production is geothermal plant has low efficiencies when compared to fossil fuels and nuclear energy. The power produced is not dependable, and the nation ought to seek another source of energy.