The pros and cons of biofuel are quite plenty in number. Consumers are opting for alternative sources of energy, and biofuel is one of them.
The article provides insightful information about the advantages and disadvantages of biofuel energy sources in a country. Let’s get started here.
Advantages of Biofuel Energy Source
- Renewable Energy Source
Biofuels are made from renewable sources of energy like plants and other organic matters. The feature implies that they can quickly be replenished.
- Clean and Green Energy Source
Biofuels are eco-friendly. The research shows that they do not produce gases that cause air pollution and also the greenhouse effect.
- Inexpensive Source of Energy
The materials used to develop biofuels are readily available and less costly. The local materials are available in abundance, and they are cheap to afford.
Biofuels can easily be mixed with other sources of energy since they are highly flexible when compared to other sources of energy like fossil fuels.
- Boost Economic Growth
Biofuels can be produced locally, and this can lead to the development of biofuel plants. These companies can be a great source of employment for people and revenue to the state.
- Locally Produced
The materials used in the production of biofuels are readily available locally, and this is the reason why the energy source can be produced locally.
- Source from Wide Range of Materials
Biofuels are sourced from quite several materials like crops and manure. These materials are not going to get depleted shortly, making biofuel the most reliable source of energy.
Combustion and extraction of biofuel do not involve emission of hydrocarbon gases which pollutes the environment. The process also does not result in land degradation, like other sources of energy like coal and oil.
- Reduce Dependence on Foreign Oil
A country that venture in the production of biofuel locally are likely to spend less on the importation of oil energy from other countries. The money spends on transportation can be diverted to other things that trigger economic growth.
- Creation of Employment
Biofuel plants can provide a great source of employment in a country, and this will eventually foster the growth of the economy.
Disadvantages of Biofuels
- Result in Pollution
The machines that are used to cultivate crops for biofuel emits a lot of carbon gases which hurt the environment. Carbon gases contribute to global warming.
- Require Massive Investments
Biofuel plants require a lot of equipment that are too expensive to refine the fuel for consumption. To construct a manufacturing plant, then you need a lot of money to get you started.
- Require Large Space
Biofuel plant requires area, and this can even trigger the destruction of the available forest to create enough space. The process can result in deforestation and removal of the natural habitat of wildlife.
- Not Easily Available
There are little research and development of biofuel. It is the reason they are not readily available among many nations.
Investment in biofuel production will foster monoculture, which will hurt the fertility of the soil.
- Shortage of Food
Many farmers are venturing into crops meant for biofuel production, and this can result in the lack of food shortly.
- Cost of Research is high
Biofuel plants globally are few since they are still under the piloting stage. A lot of revenue is required to conduct research and improve technology to increase the production of energy.
- Water Use
A lot of water is needed to irrigate biofuel crops and plants. It will later cause strain on the available local resources of water.
- High Cost of Production
The initial cost of installing and constructing biofuel plants is quite high. Investment in biofuel energy production generally requires enormous investments.
- Limited Uses
Most of the biofuel products are meant explicitly for powering vehicles. They are rarely used as food additives, and this can hurt the economy due to the amount of money spend on it.